German Shepherd Dog – 7 Attractive Highlights

The German Shepherd or German Shepherd is one of America’s most popular dog breeds, and for good reason. They are intelligent and working dogs. Their devotion and courage are unmatched. And they are very flexible.

Information about the German Shepherd Dog breed

The German Shepherd, also known as the Alsatian in the UK and parts of Europe, is among the 10 most popular dog breeds in America and is probably one of the most recognized breeds worldwide.

They owe part of their fame to a small puppy that Corporal Lee Duncan plucked from a breeding kennel filled with bullets and bombs in France during World War I. At the end of the war, Duncan brought the puppy back hometown of Los Angeles, trained and turned it into one of the most famous dogs in show biz, Rin Tin Tin. Rin Tin Tin went on to appear in dozens of films and at the peak of his stardom, he received 10,000 fan letters a week.

German Shepherds have held many jobs other than movie stars, leading the blind, chasing criminals, sniffing out illegal substances, serving in the military, visiting the sick, and herding livestock. are some of the jobs this versatile breed performs.

The dog has even taken on the role of national hero. German Shepherds are search and rescue dogs that crawled through the rubble of the World Trade Center after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, looking for survivors and comforting rescue workers and families .

Chó Chăn Cừu Đức

German Shepherds may embody some of the dog’s best traits, but they’re not for everyone. Originally bred to herd all day, this is a high-energy dog breed that needs a lot of activity and exercise. Without it, they will likely express their boredom and frustration in ways you don’t like, such as barking and chewing.

This breed also has an aloof and sometimes suspicious nature, making it great as a watch dog, but not the type of family dog that will make guests feel welcome. However, if you expose your German Shepherd to a variety of situations and people starting from a young age, they can learn to approach new people and situations as they go.

If you are adopting a puppy, you will get a slightly different type of German Shepherd depending on whether they are descended from dogs that came from American or German breeders. In general, American breeders often aim to produce dog show champions and they breed more for the distinctive appearance of the German Shepherd than the exceptional talents of the German Shepherd.

Fans say that American German Shepherds are calmer than their German counterparts, but critics say the dogs have lost some of their talent for herding jobs. Germans are traditional and prone to behavioral problems such as separation anxiety.

On the other hand, German breeders breed for working ability, as well as to match the breed’s traditional appearance. Before a German Shepherd is bred in Germany, they must pass many tests to prove they meet the physical and mental standards for which the breed is known. German Shepherds from Germany tend to have a more active and driven personality.

Highlights German Shepherd Dog

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1. The German Shepherd is not the dog breed for you if you are away from home often or for long periods of time. When left alone, they may become anxious or bored and may express their anxiety in ways you don’t like, such as barking, chewing and digging.

2. German Shepherds are active and intelligent dogs. they have to be busy studying, playing and working. Daily exercise, both physical (such as jogging and frisbee) and mental (such as practice sessions), is a must.

3. German Shepherds can be aloof and suspicious of strangers. To raise a social and well-behaved dog, expose your German Shepherd to a variety of experiences, places and people. Obedience training, starting with puppy classes, is important to familiarize them with people and other dogs, as well as teach them basic dog manners.

4. These dogs shed, shed, shed. In fact, their nickname is “the Germans.” Brush them a few times a week and get a good vacuum. You will need it.

5. Crate training is not only a great way to confine puppies, but it also helps teach them to be calm and happy when separated from their owners. This is especially important for German Shepherds, who sometimes suffer from separation anxiety, or extreme anxiety when left alone.

6. They have a reputation as excellent watch dogs, and rightly so, but German Shepherds should never be kept on a leash or leash solely for guard purposes. Without the dog should, it leads to frustration and aggression. German Shepherds are happiest when living indoors with their family, but with access to a large, fenced yard where they can burn off some of their natural energy.

7. Males stand 60 to 65 cm, females stand 55 to 60 cm. Weight ranges from 37.5 to 47.5 kg.

History of the German Shepherd Dog

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Chó Chăn Cừu Đức là một giống chó tương đối mới, có từ năm 1899, và chúng mang ơn một người đàn ông: Đại úy Max von Stephanitz, một đội trưởng sự nghiệp trong kỵ binh Đức với mục tiêu tạo ra một giống chó Đức không thể sánh được với vai trò chăn gia súc con chó.

Nhiều thế kỷ trước khi von Stephanitz xuất hiện, nông dân ở Đức, cũng như ở phần còn lại của châu Âu, dựa vào những con chó để lái xe và bảo vệ đàn của chúng. Một số con chó đã trở thành huyền thoại vì kỹ năng của chúng, và những người chăn cừu sẽ đi nhiều ngày để lai tạo những con chó cái của chúng cho một con đực đáng chú ý.

Tuy nhiên, như von Stephanitz đã lưu ý, không ai phát triển những con chó chăn gia súc trong vùng thành một giống chó riêng biệt.

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In 1898, von Stephanitz retired from military life and began a second career that proved his passion: experimental dog breeding to create a premium German herding dog. Stephanitz studied English breeding techniques, noting their distinctive herding dogs, and traveled throughout Germany, attending dog shows and observing German herding dogs.

Von Stephanitz had seen many good herding dogs, or athletic dogs, or intelligent, or capable dogs. What he doesn’t see is a dog that exhibits all of those characteristics.

One day, in 1899, von Stephanitz was visiting a dog show when he was caught by a dog that looked like a wolf. He immediately bought the dog, naming it Hektor Linksrhein. Later renamed Horand v Grafeth, the dog’s strong constitution and intelligence so impressed von Stephanitz that he founded a society Verein fur deutsche Schaferhunde to find a breed of dog from Horand’s descendants.

Although he had intended for his breed to be used as herding dogs, as Germany became more industrialized, von Stephanitz found the demand for such dogs decreasing. He decided that his breed would continue as a working dog, and he decided that the dog’s future was in police work and military service.

Making good use of his military connections, von Stephanitz convinced the German government to use the breed. During World War I, the German Shepherd served as a Red Cross dog, messenger, rescuer, guard, supply carrier, and sentinel.

Although German Shepherds had arrived in the United States before the war, it was not until the war that the breed became popular among American Allied troops who noted the dog’s bravery and intelligence, and Some dogs went home with these soldiers.

One such dog was a five-day-old puppy plucked from a bomb-riddled kennel in France by an American corporal from Los Angeles. The corporal took the puppy home, trained him and turned him into one of the most recognizable four-legged stars in Hollywood: Rin Tin Tin, who appeared in 26 films and helped popularize the breed in America.

Although the Allies were impressed with the German dogs, they were unhappy with the breed’s German origins. During the war, all things German were discriminated against, and in 1917, the American Shepherd Club (AKC) changed the breed’s name to Sheepdog.

In England, the breed was renamed the Alsatian Wolfdog, after the German-French border region of Alsace-Lorraine. The AKC returned to using the original name German Shepherd in 1931, it was not until 1977 that the British Kennel Club did so.

Von Stephanitz was closely associated with the development of the breed, and as early as 1922 he became concerned about certain characteristics appearing in the dogs, such as poor temperament and a tendency to worms. tooth. He developed a strict system of quality control: Before any German Shepherd is bred, it needs to pass many tests of intelligence, temperament, athleticism and health. good health.

On the other hand, American German Shepherd breeding is not nearly as regulated. In the United States, dogs are bred to win dog shows, and breeders place more emphasis on the appearance and gait or way of moving of these dogs.

After World War II, German Shepherds mixed between America and Germany began to diverge significantly. At one point, U.S. police and military departments began importing German shepherds, because home-grown German shepherds failed performance tests and suffered from health problems. hereditary health.

Over the past few decades, some American breeders have begun to return to the breed’s ability rather than just appearance, importing working dogs from Germany to add to their breeding programs. .

German Shepherd Dog Personality

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The German Shepherd Dog’s personality is quite aloof but usually not aggressive. They are reserved dogs, they do not make friends immediately, but once they do, they are extremely loyal. With family they are easy-going and approachable, but when threatened they can be strong and protective, making excellent watch dogs.

This highly intelligent and trainable breed thrives when given a job to do—any job. German Shepherds can be trained to do almost anything, from alerting the deaf to ringing doorbells to sniffing out avalanche victims.

One thing they are not good at is being alone for long periods of time. Without the companionship they need, as well as the exercise and opportunities to develop their minds, they become bored and frustrated. A German Shepherd who doesn’t get much exercise and is ignored by his family is likely to express his pent-up energy in ways you don’t like, such as barking and chewing.

German Shepherds need early socialization and exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences when they are young. Socialization helps ensure that your German Shepherd grows up to be a well-rounded dog.

The disease is common in German shepherd dogs

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German Shepherds are generally healthy, but like all dog breeds, they are susceptible to certain health conditions. Not all German Shepherds will develop any or all of these diseases, but it is important to know about them if you are considering this breed.

1. Hip dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a genetic condition in which the femur does not fit tightly into the socket of the hip joint. Hip dysplasia may exist with or without clinical signs. Some dogs exhibit pain and lameness in one or both hind legs. As dogs age, arthritis may develop.

X-ray screening for hip dysplasia is performed by the Orthopedic Animal Foundation or the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred.

2. Elbow dysplasia

A genetic condition common to large breed dogs. The cause is believed to be due to the different growth rates of the three bones that make up the dog’s elbow, causing joint loosening. This can lead to pain. Your veterinarian may recommend surgery to correct the problem or medication to control pain.

3. Gastric dilatation-Volvulus

Commonly known as bloat, this is a life-threatening condition that affects large, deep-chested dogs like Golden Retrievers, especially if they are fed one large meal a day, eat quickly, drink lots of water after eating and vigorous exercise after eating.

Bloating occurs when the stomach becomes distended with gas or air and then twists. The dog cannot burp or vomit to remove the excess air in their stomach, and the normal return of blood to the heart is hindered. Blood pressure drops and the dog goes into shock.

Without immediate medical attention, the dog may die. Suspect bloat if your dog has a distended abdomen, excessive salivation, and regurgitation without vomiting. they may also be restless, depressed, lethargic, and weak with a rapid heart rate. It is important to take your dog to the vet as soon as possible.

4. Spinal cord disease

Degenerative myelopathy is a progressive disease of the spinal cord, specifically the part of the cord that carries information to the brain that involves the hind legs. Dogs with DM act as if they don’t know where their hind legs are and can’t move them properly. The disease progresses to the point where the dog cannot walk.

Most of the time, there is no treatment and the dog is put to sleep. However, in rare cases, the condition is associated with a deficiency of vitamin-12 or vitamin E. If this is the case, vitamin supplements may stabilize the condition.

5. Exocrine pancreas disease (EPI)

An inherited disease of the pancreas in which the cells that produce digestive enzymes are destroyed. As a result, the dog is no longer able to digest and absorb food. The first signs of this condition are bloating, loss of appetite, weight loss and changes in stools. The dog became very thin and very hungry.

EPI is diagnosed with a simple blood test, and treatment is simple: pancreatic enzymes are added to the dog’s food. With appropriate medication supervision, most dogs recover.

6. Allergy

Some German Shepherds suffer from a variety of allergies, from contact allergies to food allergies. Symptoms of allergies in dogs are similar to those in humans. If your German Shepherd scratches, licks his paws, or rubs his face a lot, suspect he has allergies and have him checked by a vet.

How to care for a German Shepherd

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Originally bred to herd all day, the German Shepherd is built for activity. This means they have a lot of energy to burn during daily exercise.


If you leave them alone for long periods of time without exercise, you will get into trouble. Boredom and inactivity lead to behavioral problems, chewing, digging and barking. German Shepherds desperately need to exercise both their bodies (jogging, hanging out at the dog park) and their minds (training exercises like agility or obedience competitions).

Like many other herding breeds, German Shepherds are barkers. Barking is not necessarily a problem, but it can occur if the dog is bored. Learning the “Quiet” command should be part of every German Shepherd obedience training session.

German Shepherds love to chew, and their powerful jaws can destroy most materials. If they choose the wrong thing to chew on, they could damage their teeth, swallow something that makes them sick, or even choke. Save your dog and your belongings by giving them safe chew toys and bones to keep them entertained when you’re not playing with them.


The German Shepherd diet should be formulated for a large breed with high energy and exercise needs. You should consult your veterinarian or a professional nutritionist for advice on what to feed your German Shepherd and the correct portion sizes.

Their dietary needs will change as they develop from childhood to adulthood and advanced age. Always meet these nutritional requirements.

However, you will need to take special care when feeding and exercising your German Shepherd. German Shepherds grow very rapidly between the ages of 4 and 7 months, making them susceptible to bone disorders. They do well on a high-quality, low-calorie diet to help keep them from growing too quickly.

And don’t let your German puppy run, jump, or play on hard surfaces like sidewalks until he’s at least two years old and his joints are fully formed. However, puppies can play on grass and puppy agility, with inch-high jumps, is okay.

Overfeeding your German Shepherd and letting him weigh himself down can cause joint problems as well as other health conditions. Limit snacks, keep them active, and serve them frequent meals rather than keeping food readily available.


German Shepherds were originally bred to herd flocks in harsh climates, and their medium-length double coat is perfectly suited to the job, acting as a protection for the dog from rain and snow. and is resistant to dirt.

Fur color

The coat types of German Shepherds are as diverse as their colors. Some German Shepherds are long dogs. However, the “ideal” German Shepherd has a double coat of medium length. The outer coat is dense with a straight coat that hugs the body, sometimes with a wavy and curly appearance.

The coat comes in many colors and patterns including black, black and cream, black and red, black and silver, black and tan, blue, grey, liver, black, and white. However, the American Kennel Club does not recognize white as the color of the breed and will not allow white German Shepherds to compete in conformation shows, although they are allowed in competitions. other.

Sometimes jokingly referred to as the “German shedding dog,” this breed sheds year-round and is generally “shedding,” shedding a lot of hair at once, like a snowstorm, twice a year. If you want a German Shepherd, expect fur on your black pants, on the white couch, and pretty much everywhere in the house.


There is no magic solution to a makeover, and we just need to accept it. However, brushing two to three times a week will help release more bristles on the brush, instead of on your furniture. And a vacuum cleaner certainly doesn’t hurt either.

Take a shower

Bathing your dog too often will strip your dog of the oils that keep its coat healthy, so only give your dog a bath with running water if he really needs it. It shouldn’t be that often. Despite their reputation as a herding breed, German Shepherds tend to be quite clean and odorless.

Nail care

The nails need to be trimmed once a month, and the ears checked once a week for dirt, redness, or a foul odor that could indicate an infection, then wiped off weekly with a balloon. Cotton is moistened with gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent problems.

Dental care

German Shepherds love to chew and this habit helps keep their teeth clean. Give them sturdy, safe dental chews or toys and they will fight tartar buildup as they gnaw, especially on the back molars. Brushing your teeth with a soft toothbrush and doggy toothpaste also helps keep your gums and teeth in good condition.

Ability to be friendly with children and other pets

If they are well-trained and exposed to children, especially as a puppy, the German Shepherd is a wonderful companion for children. In fact, some say they are a cross between a babysitter and a police officer, both gentle and protective of the children in their family.

However, this is a large dog, with the potential to bump into a toddler or young child. True to their reserved nature, they do not wag their tails in a friendly manner towards children they do not know, but they are generally very trustworthy.

German Shepherds can also live peacefully with other dogs and pets, as long as they are taught to do so from a young age. Introducing an adult German Shepherd to other pets in the home can be more difficult if the dog is not used to other dogs or cats.

You may need to hire a professional trainer to help or get advice from a rescue organization if that is where you acquired your adult German Shepherd.

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